Humane Civilization
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Ethics, Economics and the Future of the World

 Humane Civilization -- A Draft Manuscript
 humane Zivilsation / civilización humana / civilisation humaine

Mission Statement
/ Contents of Manuscript / Links

 Humane Civilization Worldwide
 Domestic Nonprofit Corporation, Austin, Texas,  2017 November 15

Mission Statement
  The goal of the organization is to work with other organizations on creating civilizations with humane conditions and humane treatment for all people and on protecting the environment while considering all sentient beings, by:

- Creating and continuously improving blueprints or model frameworks of economic, political, cultural and other societal institutions that are designed to realize the most ethical potentials of people in accordance with scientific insights concerning human nature and mental processes; and
- Efforts towards broad cooperation of people and organizations that agree at least in part or in principle with the goals of this organization, to increase the impact of humanitarian organizations and to create effective movements on local and global levels that work on peaceful reforms of cultures and civilizations using pragmatically as a guide. 
     Specific work shall include:
- Educational work that focuses on natural ethics, the study of broad, but hardly recognized and/or poorly understood problems of civilizations, and reform proposals that are based on these studies and the scientific understanding of human nature, as described in; education and addressed problems may include many specific areas of interest (such as public health issues, economic problems and psychiatric problems as they relate to crime and addiction prevention).
- Developing blueprints/model frameworks for the overhaul of economic, political, cultural and other societal institutions (adaptable/applicable to civilizations of any state of development), describing them in, and continuously working on improving them.
- Working towards broad cooperation of people and organizations that agree at least in part or in principle; outreach to other institutions, scholars, journalists, etc.
- Supporting other charitable and/or educational organizations that work towards similar goals and possibly assisting in coordinating fundraising and optimal distribution of funds.

Description of work towards these goals includes:
- Developing the blueprints/model frameworks for the overhaul of economic, political, cultural and other societal institutions, as outlined in the organization’s website
     These are based on
-  Studies of existing and past economic, political, cultural and societal institutions and elucidating principle problems; also studying ethical progressive efforts in different countries, for instance in the educational and health care systems of Finland and Denmark;
- Studies of human nature, including the expression of instincts in different cultures (anthropology, sociology, psychology; biology, ethology, psychiatry, brain research and neurosciences) and of natural ethics that is based on global ethical principles, such as the ubiquitous wish for peace, broad compassionate empathy and progress that gives our offspring a better life, while marginalizing detrimental expressions of instincts, particularly us-versus-them thinking, thoughts and actions of vengefulness, and pursuing the natural fascination with pain and cruelties.
- These blueprints or model frameworks of economic, political, cultural and other societal institutions are to bring the best out of human nature and promote humane civilizations. The models shall be adaptable to civilizations of any state of development; they shall be continuously reviewed, improved, updated; and new ideas shall be integrated, but they must be based on the scientific understanding of human nature and natural ethics and must not include divisive religious or ideological influences.
Educational work:
Providing workshops, utilizing media and other means offering education to organizations, universities, politicians, leaders and any interested people regarding work and goals of the organization.
    Main issues include natural ethics, relevant information regarding human nature and applying the scientific understanding of natural ethics and of human nature in humanitarian work, particularly in work to reform economic, political and other institutions of civilizations, using as a guide. Teachings, discussion groups and internet discussions may address special crisis issues, such as the conflict of Israel-Palestine, the general issue of cruel dictatorships and mismanaged governance in certain countries, the greenhouse gas issue as it relates to diets and forms of transportation, the addiction crisis, etc. Teaching shall be non-partisan and not connected to religious teachings except for cooperating with religious persons and organization that accept and work according to universal ethical principles.
   Working towards broad cooperation of people and organizations that agree at least in part or in principle with the goals of this organization:
    The goal is to increase the impact of humanitarian organizations and to create effective movements on local and global levels that work on peaceful reforms of cultures and civilizations, guided at least in part by This work will, as feasible, include establishing many grassroots chapters that also offer members social and mutual support. As organizations and people who agree at least in part or in principle with the goal of creating humane civilizations worldwide start to consider themselves and be seen as parts of one movement, supporting and working on different projects within the pursuit of the same overall goal, it is expected that political and other support will dramatically increase.   
    With these pursuits in mind, members and Board are to make efforts promoting growth towards a global network by finding potential members among neighbors, and friends and acquaintances in distant places, connecting with other institutions, scholars and journalists, engaging leaders of appropriate NGOs and other organizations, etc.
The organization may also financially support other charitable-educational organizations that work towards similar goals and may assist in coordinating fundraising and optimal distribution of funds.


Contents  of draft document Humane Civilization                                                                                               

A DRAFT  MANUSCRIPT by  Heinz Aeschbach, MD, Austin, Texas,  Walter Aeschbach, MD, El Paso, Texas; other articles [more to be added].    © 2008/'09/'10/'11/'12/'13/'14/'15/'15/'16/'17 

Contents / Links

Introduction / Preface     [last revised/edited 2017]

Chapter 1 - Basic Economic Issues; Misconceptions in Economic Thinking      [editing/revisions 6,7,9/2016, 11/2017]
1.0   Introduction and Summary    [last revised/edited11/2010, 5/2014, 6, 11/2016, 5,11/2017]
1.1   Modern Economic Institutions: a Short Historical Perspective; Two Models of Development         
[revised/edited 11/2010, 1/2012, 11/2016, 4/2017]

1.2   Human Nature and Economic Behaviors        [revised/edited 11/2010, 1/2012, 5/2017]
1.3   Money The function of money; positive money or real money versus credit  [revised/edited 11/2010, 1/2012, 6/2016. 11/2016, 4/2017]
1.4   Interests and Investment Earnings        [revised/edited 11/2010, 1/2012, 9,12/2016, 4/2017]
1.5   Economic Progress        [revised/edited 11/2010, 7/2016, 4/2017]
1.6   Economic Units: Structure, Seize, and Interactions     [last revised/edited 11/2010, 4/2017]
1.7   Economic Goals, Economic Stability        [revised/edited 11/2010, 4/2017

Chapter 2 - Problems of Modern Democratic Institutions and Legal Systems
2.0   Summary       [revised/edited 11/2010, 12/2017]
2.1   Some Major Problems of Modern Cultures       [revised/edited 11/2010, 12/2017]
2.2   Corruption and Terrorism       [revised/edited 11/2010, 12/2017]
2.3   Multicultural Communities       [revised/edited 11/2010, 12/2017]
2.4   Problematic Political Institutions       [revised/edited 11/2010, 12/2017]
2.5   Adversarial Legal Systems       [revised/edited 11/2010]

Chapter 3 - Philosophical and Scientific Basis of Political Thoughts; Natural Ethics
3.0   Summary        [last revised/edited 11/2010, minor revisions 10/2014, 5/2015]
3.1   Introductory Thoughts on Human Nature, Ethics, and Religion       [last revised/edited 11/2010, 10/'14, 5/'15, 4/'17, 2/'18]
3.2   Human Nature        [last revised/edited 6/2014, 6/2015, 4/2017]
3.3   Human Instincts and Culture; Psychiatric Problems       [revised/edited 11/2010, 7/2015, 4/2017, 4/2018]
3.4   Natural Ethics       [last revised/edited 11/209, 9/2013, 9/2014, 2/2015, 6/2015, 11/2016, 4,7/2017]
3.5   Ethics and Political Institutions       [last revised/edited 11/2010, 4/2018]
3.6   Quality of Life: Simplicity, Comfort versus Pain, and Meaning in Life       [last revised/edited 11/2010]

Chapter 4 - Model Framework of Social, Political, Legal, and Economic Institutions

4.0   Summary and Outline of a Proposed Constitution       [last revised/edited 6/2014, 2/2015, 11/2016, 6/2017]
4.1   Utopias Versus Realistic Model Institutions      [last revised/edited 6/2014, 11/2016]]
4.2   Economic Institutions: Money Supply and Industries     [last revised/edited 3/2014, 11/2016, 6/2017]
4.3   System of Taxation; Minimum Basic Income; Incentives for and Limitations on Economic Activities      [last revised/edited 3/2014]
4.4   Social Organization      [last revised/edited 6/2014]
4.5   Improved Democratic Governance      [last revised/edited 6,9/2014]
4.6   Ethics, Psychology, and the Legal System; Crime Prevention      [last revised/edited 6/2014, Appendix added 6/2017]  
4.7   International Organizations      [last revised/edited 11/2010]

Chapter 5 - Moving Towards the Proposed Changes

5.1   Local and Global Action    [last revised/edited 2/2014,6/2014, 12/2016 6/2017]
5.2   Issues in Economic Transition     [last revised/edited 6/2014, 11/2016]
5.3   Transforming Social and Political Institutions    [last revised/edited 6/2014]
5.4   Advancing Ethical Standards     [last revised/edited 6/2014]
5.5   Changing Legal Systems   [added 7/2015, revised 11/2015]
5.6   Some Issues of Transition in Poor Regions and Areas with High Unemployment     [added 4/2015]

Appendix A - Poverty and Hunger in Economic Theories
Appendix B - Basic Philosophy; Inherent Conflicts and Peace
Appendix C - Development of Ethics and Religions [2013]
Appendix D - The Human Brain, Volition, Feelings and Ethics [2013]
Appendix E - Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Political & Related Article
Economic Crisis
Environment / Global Warming
Abortion: Politics, Ethics, Religion
Middle East Peace

Psych/Addiction Articles
Abuse & Addiction
Chronic Pain, Opiate Addiction & the Role of Endorphins
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Links of Interest and Literature                                            last revised/edited 12/2013

Addiction & Psychotherapy Services
Clinic of H. and M. Aeschbach / C. Aeschbach-Jachmann and I. Jachmann (

Political action groups:

Biology, evolution:

Richard Dawkins
Edward O. Wilson

Human nature, natural human behavior, inborn morality:

Irenäus Eibl-Eibesfeldt  [Austrian ethologist who studied animal behaviors, earlier with Konrad Lorenz;
  later researched human behavior]
  Grundriss der vergleichenden Verhaltungsforschung  Die Biologie des menschlichen Verhaltens

Robert Right  The Moral Animal - Why We Are the Way We Are: The New Science of Evolutionary Psychology
Malcom Gladwell    The Tipping Point     Blink     Outliers     David and Goliath
Marc D. Hauser  Moral Minds: How Nature Designed Our Universal Sense of Right and Wrong

Development of humans; interpretation of history and human endeavors:

Jared Diamond   Guns, Germs and Steel     Collaps     The World Until Yesterday
Bill Bryson     A Short History of Nearly Everything
Steven Pinker  [language, cognitive science, evolutionary psychology]
   Then Better Angels of Our Nature, Why Violence Has Declined
   The Blank Slate, The Modern Denial of Human Nature  The Language Instinct, How the Mind Creates Language
Yuval Noah Harari     Sapiens, A Brief History of Humankind

Human nature, natural human behavior, brain / rational thinking / emotions:

Antonio Damasio  Author of Self Comes to Mind: Constructing teh Conscious BrainLooking for Spinoza: Joy, Sorrow and the Feeling Brain
Joseph LeDoux  Author of Synaptic Self   The Emotional Brain
Dan Ariely  Author of Predictably Irrational: The Hidden Forces That Shape Our Decisions
Norman Doidge  Author of The Brain that Changes Itself
Jill Bolte Taylor
   Author of My Stroke of Insight
Malcolm Gladwell  Author of The Tipping Point, Blink, Outliers, David and Goliath
Tim Harford  Author of The Logic of LifeThe Undercover Economist
Steven D. Levitt & Stephen J. Dubner   Authors of   Freakonomics: A Rogue Economist Explores the Hidden Side of Everything,   Superfreakonomics,   Think Like a Freak
Gerd Gigerenzer  Author of Gut Feelings

Primate Research:

Jane Goodall
  Through a Window  and other works
Dian Fossey  Gorillas in the Mist
Frans de Waal  Chimpanzee Politics  Good Natured, the origins of right and wrong in humans and other animals

Differences male-female; problems of adolescents in modern cultures:

Leonard Sax
  Why Gender Matters: what parents and teachers need to know about the emerging science of sex differences,  Girls onthe Edge;   Boys Adrift
Peggy Orenstein   Schoolgirls: Young Women, Self Esteem, and the Confidence Gap
Mary Pipher   Reviving Ophelia: Saving the Selves of Adolescent Girls

Happiness Research:

Sonja Lyubomirsky
  [Author of The How of Happiness]
David Wiseman  [Author of 59 Seconds: Think a Little, Change a Lot
Gretchen Rubin   [Author of  The Happiness Prject]‎

Economics, general, problems with modern capitalism, alternate models:

Paul A. Samuelson  Economics
Milton Freedman  Capitalism and Freedom
Gunnar Myrdal  The Challenge of World Poverty, A World Anti-Poverty Program in Outline,  Asian Drama,
   An Inquiry into the Poverty of Nations

Robert L. Heilbroner  The Worldly Philosophers, The lives, times and ideas of the great economic thinkers
   Behind the Veil of Econmics, Essays in the Worldy Philosophy  21st Century Capitalism

John Kenneth Galbraith  Money, Whence it Came, Where It Went
S. C. Gwynne  Selling Money, A Young Banker'sFirst-Hnad Account of the Rise and Extraordianry Fall of the
  Great International Lending Boom

H. W. Brands  The Money Men  Capitalism, Democracy, and thge Hundred Years; War Over the American Dollar
Joseph Stiglitz  Fair Trade for All: How Trade Can Promote Development   Globalization and Its Discontents
Open Society Foundations
   [George Soros is author of On Globalization and The Age of Fallibility]
Hernando DeSoto  The Other Path: The Invisible Revolution in the Third World and The Mystery of Capital
Muhammad Yunus   Banker to the Poor: Micro-Lending and the Battle Against World Poverty
  Creating A World Without Poverty: Social Business and the Future of Capitalism]
Peter Barnes  Capitalism 3.0 with Maude Barlow, Rachel Breen
Paul Hawken  Natural Capitalism
Kevin Phillips  Bad Money: Reckless Finance, Failed Politics, and the Global Crisis of American Capitalism
   American Theocracy
Positive Money:

Economics, future and environmental concerns, Third World:

James Martin  Author of The Meaning of the 21st Century
   [Founded the James Martin Institute for Science and Civilization at the University of Oxford, then the
    extraordinary 21st Century School]
Vandana Shiva
   [Author of Earth Democracy: Sustainability and Peace, Water Wars: Privatization, Pollution and Profit, Stolen
    Harvest: The Hijacking of the Global Food Supply
, Close to Home: Women Reconnect Ecology, Health and
, as well as other books / articles]
Jeffrey D. Sachs ( 
   [Author of Common Wealth: Economics for a Crowded Planet,  and  The End  of Poverty: Economic Possibilities
    for our Time]
Bill McKibben
   [Author of Deep Economy]
Amartya Sen (
   [Author of Development as Freedom]

Specific human rights issues: Women's issues specifically in Third World:   

Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn
, authors of Half the Sky: Turning Oppression Into Opportunity for
    Women Worldwide]

Womens' rights - Female Genital Cutting/Mutilation (FGC/FGM):
   Tostan   (Molly Melching founder/director)   (Grassroots organizations fostering broad adult education in African countries with special attention to human rights and women's rights; described in Aimee  Molloys' book however long the night),  [Ruediger Nehberg, Germany]
   Waris Dirie  [Author of Desert Flower]    Ayaan Hirsi Ali  [Author of Infidel]  
   Books and articles by: Fran P. Hosken, Virginia Lee Barnes, Waris Dirie, Faduma Korn, Ayaan Hirsi Ali

Specific human rights issues: Genocide and 'Eliminationism':   

Daniel Jonah Goldhagen    Author of   Hittler's Willing Executioners  and  Worse than War


ethics, natural ethics, morals, morality, human rights, universal declaration of human right, humane culture, humane civilization, compassion, empathy, sympathy, family group loyalty, patriotism, feminism, women's rights, reproductive rights, abortion and Bible, religion, female genital cutting (FMC) female genital mutilation (FMG,  development, future, justice, laws, law enforcement, legal systems, equal rights, discrimination, punishment, democracy, centralized decentralized federal democracy, federalism, politics - progressive liberal left conservative right socialist capitalist, globalization, economics, macroeconomics, microeconomics, humane economy, fiscal policy, money, money supply, local currency, barter coupons, credit, lending, loans, borrower, debts, debtor, investments, savings, interest, interest income, profits, rent, unearned income, stock, securities; psychiatric disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR), abuse, substance abuse, drug abuse, addiction, dependence disorders, methadone, buprenorphine, CSAT, SAMHSA, Joint Commission, "War on Drugs", meditation, self-hypnosis, pregnancy, neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS)

Continue to Manuscript Preface          Top of Page

      H. Aeschbach, M.D.:   About the Principal Author